Here's Blood in Your Eye!

My 100th Post: What I Have Learned, Part II
November 4, 2009
Diabetes and Retinal Detachments
November 9, 2009
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Here's Blood in Your Eye!

Sudden loss of vision may be due to bleeding inside your eye. A vitreous hemorrhage can cause loss of vision in patients with diabetes. Sub-retinal hemorrhage may occur in patients with macular degeneration.

Blood in your eye can mean many things to different people.  The most common “blood” is the sudden appearance of fire engine red blood on the outside of the.  It is called a subconjunctival hemorrhage.  It is usually scary, painless, ugly and benign.  As a black and blue bruise, it will clear in about 1-2 weeks.

I am talking about blood inside your eye.

Vitreous Hemorrhage – In patients with diabetic retinopathy, the sudden appearance of “floaters” can be signs of a vitreous hemorrhage.  Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, by definition, have developed neovascularization, or abnormal blood vessels, somewhere inside the eye.  Most commonly, the neovascularization, is found on the surface of the retina, but can also be present on the optic nerve and iris. These blood vessels are very fragile and may break open and bleed causing blood to accumulate in the vitreous.

A vitreous hemorrhage can cause dramatic loss of vision as it physically may block light from hitting the retina.  It is not an emergency despite the significant loss of vision.  As long as the retina is attached, the hemorrhage may be observed for weeks or even months.  It causes no damage, just anxiety.

A vitreous hemorrhage may also be caused by a tear in the retina.  Retinal tears may occur in anyone.  So, in diabetic patients with a vitreous hemorrhage……….As long as the retina is attached and without a tear, we can wait.

Laser treatment to the retina is the antidote for proliferative diabetic retinopathy.  If there is too much blood in the vitreous, it may not be possible to laser the retina.  Sometimes we can wait for the hemorrhage to absorb and then treat with laser in the office.  Other times, the hemorrhage does not clear and we may choose to operate, that is, perform a “vitrectomy.”  In this case, the blood is mechanically removed and then the retina is treated with laser during the operation.

Sub-Retinal Hemorrhage – Blood underneath the retina is called a sub-retinal hemorrhage.

A sub-retinal hemorrhage may occur in patients with wet macular degeneration.  Abnormal blood vessels,  called choroidal neovascularization, may develop within the layers of the retina in “wet” macular degeneration.  Patients with “wet” macular degeneration, by definition, have developed neovascularization underneath the retina.

The blood underneath the retina, too, is benign.  It does no harm to the retina. The neovascular tissue; however, may be causing some damage and efforts are made to quickly arrest further progression of the abnormal blood vessels.

Once the presence of neovascularization is confirmed underneath the retina by a fluorescein angiogram, the treatment of choice may be anti-VEGF medications such as Avastin®, Lucentis® or Macugen®.

“Randy”

Randall V. Wong, M.D.
www.TotalRetina.com
Ophthalmologist, Retina Specialist

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Comments
  • teresa weber November 6, 2009 at 4:48 pm

    Hey! Once again, great info. Could you do some info on corneal abrasions, as Amy and I have both suffered from them. ( For me, once at age 8 when a corner of a piece of cardboard in art class caused my eye to tear for hours and be painful and once when a pine needle scratched it. As I recall, one of Amy’s children scratched her eye when small. Thanks!

  • MELVIN WINKLER October 18, 2012 at 11:17 am

    WHAT IS THE ANSWER ABOUT CORNEAL ABRASIONS. CAN THEY BE REPAIRED?

    • Randall V. Wong, M.D. October 22, 2012 at 8:09 am

      Dear Melvin,

      Corneal abrasions usually heal very quickly. No need for repair.

      r

  • Candace June 17, 2014 at 3:51 pm

    I was diagnosed with SRN in my right eye nine years ago. I had PDT twice and my vision has been stable for the last mine years. Should I be doing more than seeing my optometrist yearly?

    • Randall V. Wong, M.D. June 30, 2014 at 8:26 pm

      Candace,

      Vision is both stable and good?

      Patients can get idiopathic SRNVM wihtout disease.

      Sorry I can’t be more helpful.

      r

  • Candace June 17, 2014 at 4:33 pm

    By the way I am currently 36 years old. My retina specialist does not know why this happened.

  • Bill September 7, 2014 at 2:44 pm

    Hi I have had bleeding in the eye and several shots that have stopped the bleeding, but after a month or so or longer it bleeds again. I am not diabetic, or anemia. All test results have came back great, no high blood pressure. My retina dr. is puzzled as I am. I was in a car wreck and hit in the rear, didn’t hit the windshield just a big jar. It started after that. Is it possible the wreck started this? Also would lifting cause it? Any other thing you might think of? The bleeding is in the center of eye and dr doesn’t want to laser there unless he has to as he says the spot where he lasers will affect my vision since it is in the center of eye? What if we can’t stop the bleeding with shots, next step? Thanks

    • Randall V. Wong, M.D. September 21, 2014 at 10:08 pm

      Bill,

      Based upon your story, hard for me to tell. Really hard. Not so sure it was related to the accident.

      Randy

  • Bill September 7, 2014 at 5:13 pm

    One other thing and this sounds crazy. I use a hot tub daily, water temp 103., could this cause a shocked to the eye and burst a vessel? Trying to find why this might be happening. Thanks

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